How to code a website? | For Beginners

Published by Dev Papa Panda on

What is supposed to more thrilling than Creating a blank screen space to a good working website and optimized website?

You create products based on logic, creativity, and intelligence, by developing a website. 

To build a website you should have some coding knowledge. The basics of coding that includes CSS, and HTML. (Though there are numerous website builders that enable any user to build a website without coding).

But by coding a website yourself you can make the website more flexible, customizable, and featureful. Building websites with web builders restrict our creative zone and allows you to only develop over a template. While in the case of self-coded websites, you have customized, design, and present in your own way!

How to code a website?

code a website

To code a website you must have some knowledge of the basics of coding that include, HTML, CSS, JavaScript. Learning more languages definitely would be more helpful.

HTML is the abbreviated form of Hypertext markup language. It helps in structuring the skeleton of a website. 

Whereas CSS helps in outlining the colors, font’s shape, and size of your website content. 

You can learn these languages and implement coding from various available free and paid courses. 

However, there are no alternatives to books. So, you may refer to learning basics of coding and programming from any web development books. 

Reading blogs on web developmental skills like HTML, CSS does the job. 

In case if you would like to boost up your coding speed during the developmental tenure of your self-coded website, you may use templates of HTML or CSS. If you avail of the templates, it boosts up your technology stack. 

Or you may also access HTML frameworks. 

The HTML frameworks boost up your work because it facilitates pre-build functionalities which you may not have to code from scratch. 

Hence you can enhance your coding speed and time by using either of the two pre-build accessories as a part of web development. The HTML or CSS templates or Frameworks save time and make your work simpler and easier. 

And it is extremely useful for a beginner web developer. 

And keep on upgrading your self and work with more technologies like JavaScript, PHP, node.js, etc. Eventually and steadily move to make more dynamic websites with implementing better and updated technologies. 

Do you know how long it takes to be a web developer?

It takes 9-12 months approximately to grasp over some really good web developing skills. But to have a grip over the basics a week or two is enough. Then you can practice over the learned skills, implement, and practice. 

Related Article: How long does it take to learn HTML and CSS?

HTML CSS

How to code a website from scratch?

If you are a beginner and have just begun to implement your web development skills start off with basics. The basics include the implementation of HTML and CSS knowledge. 

With more practice and experience, move toward javascript and set up dynamic websites. 

It is a must to be mentioned here that, along with frontend, you must learn backend technology as well when developing websites. 

Some amazing back-end technologies are PHP, Python, etc

You may also try out serverless functions such us firebase for your website. 

Related Articles: Click here, to learn how to learn JavaScript Code

How Should you learn PHP? 

How to code a website from scratch for free?

As we have mentioned above, you need the basic coding skills to create a website from scratch. But if you want to do so for free, you have to learn the skills for free from online sources. 

To grasp the free online course, you can check out free tutorials. The online free tutorials on HTML, CSS, and JavaScript are available on youtube. Or you may also avail them from W3schools.

code simple website

How to code a simple website?

To code a simple website, knowing the basics of HTML and CSS does the job.

You can learn simple HTML and some simple CSS (determining width, height, font, color, etc) and you are good to go on creating a simple website. 

With the above-mentioned knowledge, you can simply create a good looking website. You may images and videos to shape your website more modern and attractive. 

Check out, our Sample HTML and CSS self-coded website

HTML web page examples with source code?

You may copy the structured code given below with the name of doodleish_tutorial.html

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<head>
<style>
* {
  box-sizing: border-box;
}

body {
  font-family: Arial;
  padding: 10px;
  background: #f1f1f1;
}

/* Header/Blog Title */
.header {
  padding: 30px;
  text-align: center;
  background: white;
}

.header h1 {
  font-size: 50px;
}

/* Style the top navigation bar */
.topnav {
  overflow: hidden;
  background-color: #333;
}

/* Style the topnav links */
.topnav a {
  float: left;
  display: block;
  color: #f2f2f2;
  text-align: center;
  padding: 14px 16px;
  text-decoration: none;
}

/* Change color on hover */
.topnav a:hover {
  background-color: #ddd;
  color: black;
}

/* Create two unequal columns that floats next to each other */
/* Left column */
.leftcolumn {   
  float: left;
  width: 75%;
}

/* Right column */
.rightcolumn {
  float: left;
  width: 25%;
  background-color: #f1f1f1;
  padding-left: 20px;
}

/* Fake image */
.fakeimg {
  background-color: #aaa;
  width: 100%;
  padding: 20px;
}

/* Add a card effect for articles */
.card {
  background-color: white;
  padding: 20px;
  margin-top: 20px;
}

/* Clear floats after the columns */
.row:after {
  content: "";
  display: table;
  clear: both;
}

/* Footer */
.footer {
  padding: 20px;
  text-align: center;
  background: #ddd;
  margin-top: 20px;
}

/* Responsive layout - when the screen is less than 800px wide, make the two columns stack on top of each other instead of next to each other */
@media screen and (max-width: 800px) {
  .leftcolumn, .rightcolumn {   
    width: 100%;
    padding: 0;
  }
}

/* Responsive layout - when the screen is less than 400px wide, make the navigation links stack on top of each other instead of next to each other */
@media screen and (max-width: 400px) {
  .topnav a {
    float: none;
    width: 100%;
  }
}
</style>
</head>
<body>

<div class="header">
  <h1>My Website</h1>
  <p>Resize the browser window to see the effect.</p>
</div>

<div class="topnav">
  <a href="#">Link</a>
  <a href="#">Link</a>
  <a href="#">Link</a>
  <a href="#" style="float:right">Link</a>
</div>

<div class="row">
  <div class="leftcolumn">
    <div class="card">
      <h2>TITLE HEADING</h2>
      <h5>Title description, Dec 7, 2017</h5>
      <div class="fakeimg" style="height:200px;">Image</div>
      <p>Some text..</p>
      <p>Sunt in culpa qui officia deserunt mollit anim id est laborum consectetur adipiscing elit, sed do eiusmod tempor incididunt ut labore et dolore magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis nostrud exercitation ullamco.</p>
    </div>
    <div class="card">
      <h2>TITLE HEADING</h2>
      <h5>Title description, Sep 2, 2017</h5>
      <div class="fakeimg" style="height:200px;">Image</div>
      <p>Some text..</p>
      <p>Sunt in culpa qui officia deserunt mollit anim id est laborum consectetur adipiscing elit, sed do eiusmod tempor incididunt ut labore et dolore magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis nostrud exercitation ullamco.</p>
    </div>
  </div>
  <div class="rightcolumn">
    <div class="card">
      <h2>About Me</h2>
      <div class="fakeimg" style="height:100px;">Image</div>
      <p>Some text about me in culpa qui officia deserunt mollit anim..</p>
    </div>
    <div class="card">
      <h3>Popular Post</h3>
      <div class="fakeimg"><p>Image</p></div>
      <div class="fakeimg"><p>Image</p></div>
      <div class="fakeimg"><p>Image</p></div>
    </div>
    <div class="card">
      <h3>Follow Me</h3>
      <p>Some text..</p>
    </div>
  </div>
</div>

<div class="footer">
  <h2>Footer</h2>
</div>

</body>
</html>

And then open the doodleish_tutorial.html file in a browser. Your demo webpage will be ready to go.

In case you use this structured coded with HTML and CSS, you can bring on changes according to you by simply replacing the HTML sections with other element tags. 

If you want to create a simple impressive self-coded website with the utility of HTML and CSS only, then you must know the structure in which you have to code. 

How long does it take to code a website (timeline)?

code website timeline

The timeline for coding a website is a question that provides variable answers. Because it requires creativity, logic, and proper structuring of codes to create a complete website. Only knowing the skills isn’t enough.

Learning HTML and CSS:

However, if you are a complete beginner and have zero knowledge of programming or coding, then it might take you 1 – 2 weeks for learning the basics of HTML and approximately 1 week to grasp over the basics of CSS. 

And if you know bits of programming, then learning the basics of HTML for making a website would probably take you 4 – 5 days. And you can learn CSS in 3 – 4 days with prior programming knowledge. 

Of course, learning the basics of CSS and HTML varies from person to person with variability in dedication and ability to catch up and understand. 

Learning JavaScript:

To have your hands-on basics of JavaScript and learn it may take 3 weeks – 4 weeks if you have some prior coding knowledge. But mastering the language may take you a long time as the field of JavaScript is vast and there are a number of libraries to explore. 

Learning Backend like PHP:

Learning the Server site like PHP takes a little longer than others as it revolves around other factors too. 

As it is associated with the database we need to be concerned about security, this demands tie investment. However, approximately learning PHP might take 6-8 months, if you are a complete beginner. And if you are in an intermediate stage of learning web development it is expected to take lesser time. But this solely varies from person to person. 

Learning Bootstrap (CSS Framework):

Bootstrap is an open-source designer framework. To learn CSS framework or bootstrap you might take around 1- 2 weeks to cover up the basics of it. 

Bootstrap is easy and beginners do not find it very difficult to use because of its easy learning curve. 

The whole timeline is an approximated value. These are written in a general context. The time period and tenures to have a knowledge of the languages varies from person to person depending upon their dedication, ability to obtain, and essentially their prior knowledge of the matter.

Related Articles: How long does it take to learn HTML and CSS?

How long does take to learn CSS?

How long does it take to learn PHP?

What is the timeline to be a web developer?

It is something really difficult to determine. However, it approximately takes 9 – 12 months to have a good grip over the back-end technologies of web development. 

Whereas, for learning the front-end skills might take 3-4 months. 

The tenures are variable with persons. It depends on your devotion, time investment, and efficiency to learn and implement. 

I think it is necessary to mention here, that only learning these skills is not enough. To be a successful web developer you must practice your skills and try implementing new ideas. Only then you can have a good hold of your knowledge of web development. 

In the case of a detailed understanding and knowledge refers to How long does it take to be a web developer?

web developer

What is full-stack?

Full-stack in the domain of web development is referred to have both front-end and back-end developmental ideas. 

Generally, a developer with a vivid knowledge of front-end and back-end technologies is known as a full-stack developer. A full-stack developer is also expected to have more experience than front-end or back-end specific developers. 

Is Full stack development hard?

Full-stack development is not hard but requires more dedication, patience, and learning of skills. And very obviously if you enrich yourself with more it is ought to take you more time. 

But to get good with full-stack development you have to gain more experience and practice more. You need to equally efficient to perform both front-end and back-end thoroughly. 

Full-stack development requires updated works abilities.

Refer to, How to become a full-stack developer to know more!

What skills are required to be a full stack developer?

The basic skills required to be a full-stack developer includes, have a good idea of both front-end and back-end development. Apart from this, you have to know the following,

  • Must be able to follow out core programming,
  • You should be able to build the front-end and handle user interactions with the application,
  • should have the ability to design the business logic and application’s interactions with the database,
  • You should be great at handling the data of your application.

To know more details about a Full Stack developer, read How long does it take to become a full-stack web developer?

Categories: Development